Hello after searching through these forums and others, I've noticed
there is very little info about getting Linux up and running on the
Triton 500 and the few threads that do exit talk about bad Linux
support. I'm a new owner of the Triton 500 and new to the forums, I hope
to share some of the knowledge I've acquired when Installed to Linux on
my machine and hope it helps others looking to do the same.
are many models of the Triton 500 and some steps/drivers might differ
from your model, please precede with caution when installing. For
reference I have the Predator PT515-51, i7 9750H, RTX 2060, 16RAM and
We want to first
backup your files and create a recovery USB for windows, you'll want to
have a 16GB USB stick on hand for this. Even if you don't plan to dual
boot with Linux, I highly recommend creating a recovery USB. If
you want to dual boot, this step is a must since we will be wiping and
reinstalling windows for the installation to work properly. If you don't
have access to a second PC, you will need 2-3 USB drives; 1 16GB drive,
the minimum 8GB and the 3rd at least 2GB (if you have access to a
second computer, you only need 1 USB). If you don't have access to a
second computer, you'll need to prepare 3 USBs before we begin;
use Acer Care Center to create a Recovery USB; If you are using the
original windows installation that came with your PC, you will need a
16GB USB for this.
2) **Optional** if you want to do a clean
install of windows 10 without all the bloat that comes with the factory
installation, Download the Media Creation Tool
and use it to make a windows 10 installation USB.
3) Finally you need to create a USB with your Linux distribution, I used Arch Linux
but you can download the distribution you like.
if you have a second PC, you can get away with 1 USB stick and just use
it to create the installer for windows or Linux when you need it.
**Note2** if you have a second PC and only one USB, you can backup your factory recover USB as image using Rufus and reuse the USB.
Once you have your USBs and backups done, restart the laptop and go into the bios. We want to change three settings here.
1) Change Sata Mode to "AHCI". By default the bios is installed in "RST Premium with Optane"
1** once you make this change, your windows installation won't boot, as
it has to be in the same mode that it was using during installation.
2** I've heard some early models of the Triton 500 use 2x256GB NVME in
RAID, you'll have to break your RAID if that's the case and use 1 for
Windows and 1 for Linux but you do lose some of the speed you get with
2) The next change you want to make in BIOS
is go into security and "Erase all secure boot settings", if you don't
do this, the pc won't allow you to boot from the Linux USB.
This option might be disabled/greyed out, if that's the case you will
need to create an administrator password in the BIOS to enable this
3) The last thing is Enable "F12 Boot Menu"; this was disabled by default on my machine so just make sure this is enabled.
**Note** if some of these options are not available on your PC, you might not be on the latest BIOS, so update your BIOS first
that we are ready to begin, We need to make some changes to the
partition table on the NVME, this guide will use Arch Linux but you can
look up the steps to do this if you use a different distribution.
1) Insert the Arch Linux USB you made and press F12, Your USB should appear as one of the boot options, select it.
Once the usb boots, type "lsblk" to see to storage drives connected to
your pc; we want the drive that starts with nvme. In my case it is
"nvme0n1",your drive id might be different.
3) Once you know the id, type "cfdisk /dev/yourid" in my case it would be "cfdisk /dev/nvme0n1". This will give you a list of partitions on your drive, mine by default had 4 partitions,
1. 100MB EFI Partition
2. 16MB Microsoft reserved Partition
3. About 470GB NTFS Partition (This is your main C Drive)
4. 1GB Recovery Partition (This is the Acer Recovery partition you can access by pressing Alt+F10 when the PC is off)
We need to make our EFI Partition bigger but we won't be able to do
that without deleting partition 2 and 3. Don't touch Partition 4 the one
labeled Recovery. While in cfdisk, highlight each of the first 3
partitions and select delete. You should now have Free space followed by
the 1GB Recovery partition.
5) To create a new partition,
highlight "free space" and select "New", for size, delete the numbers
there, type "512M", hit enter, select primary and enter again. This will
create a 512M partition from the free space. Next select the free space
again and click new, this time we want a 16M partition and same as
above. Finally create a partition using the remaining free space.
You should now have the same amount of partition as you had before,but
the sizes will be a bit different, highlight "512M" partition and click
Type, then pick "EFI System". For the 16M partition, do the same and
pick "Microsoft reserved", you can leave the last partition as it is.
Finally in cfdisk select "Write" to apply these changes and type yes
when it asks for confirmation.
7) Type "lsblk" again to check your partitions and make sure they were created properly; your readout should look like;
1. 512M EFI System Partition
2. 16M Microsoft reserved Partition
3. 470G something Linux Partition
4. 1GB Recovery Partition
you can confirm the above 4 partitions, look for the partition id of
the EFI partition, in my case it was "nvme0n1p1" and type "mkdosfs -F 32
/dev/nvme0n1p1" and type yes if it asks for confirmation. Finally type
"shutdown now" to turn off the PC.
**Note** Just to
explain what we did here, we need a larger EFI system partition for
installing the linux bootloader and the 100MB partition that comes by
default is not enough. While you can create and delete partitions using
the windows 10 install USB, I noticed a problem when I tried to do it.
The issue with doing it using the windows 10 USB is when you delete all
the partitions and try to create a new one, Windows 10 will
automatically create another Recovery partition for about 500MB at the
start of the drive sector, followed by the EFI partition second,
reserved partition 3rd and windows install partition 4th. This will
leave us with 2 recovery partitions, the Acer one at the end of the nvme
drive sector and the new one windows creates. Another problem is it
makes EFI as the second partition whereas it's recommended practice to
make the EFI partition as the first partition on the drive. I assume
this is one of the ways Microsoft makes it harder to install other OS.
This is why we created the partition table using cfdisk. Windows 10
installation won't create a recovery partition or EFI if it sees a EFI
partition already there.
that we have the partition table setup, we can install windows, I
personally prefer a clean windows 10 without the bloat, if you do too,
use the USB you made using the Microsoft Media Creation Tool. If you'd
rather have the factory windows install, use the Recovery USB you made
using Acer Care Center.
**Note** Make sure that in BIOS your Sata Mode is set to "AHCI" as mentioned above in the Preparation section.
the USB for the windows version you want to use and Press F12 for boot
menu, pick the USB and continue to the installation/recovery menu. If
you choose to do a clean installation like me, when you get to the
installation menu, Select "Custom Installation" and once at the
partition screen, delete the 3rd partition. This is the partition that
is about 470GB and click "New" to recreate it in NTFS format. Do NOT
delete or touch partitions 1, 2, 4. once you create the partition,
highlight it and click next to install windows. Everything else should
be automated until you login to the desktop so just let the installation
Once your in windows you
can do your updates and install anything else you need on windows. Once
done, open Disk Management, right click on the C drive and select
Shrink. How much you shrink it will depend on how big you want to make
your Linux partition. Once done turn off the PC, insert your Linux
install USB for the Linux Distribution you want to use and boot into
Boot Menu using F12 and pick the USB.
section is going to really depend on the distribution you use, I
personally used Arch Linux since I didn't want bloat and just wanted to
pick the OS elements I wanted. I'll link to the Arch Linux Installation Guide
If you would prefer a step by step guide to installing Arch Linux, let
me know in the comments and I will make one. Regardless of what
distribution you use there are some things you want to keep in mind. The
first is, you want to install the bootloader (GRUB for most
distributions) on the EFI partition, in my case that was nvme0n1p1. The
second is it's up to you how you split the free space you made by
shrinking your C drive for your Linux install. I personally had only 1
root partition for my install but you can use this space to make your
/root and /home and so forth. Keep in mind that you don't need to create
a /boot partition; as mentioned above the EFI system partition we made
will also be used as your boot partition. Follow the installation guide
for your distribution while making sure to mount the the partitions for
Linux in the proper place.
install Linux and restart your PC, you might be surprised to see that
windows will boot normally and you want get the grub screen. To enter
grub and boot Linux, Press F12 when you start the PC for boot menu and
select Grub or the option that is not "Windows Boot Manager" as your
Linux bootloader might be named different; this should boot Linux. If
you want to make Linux your default boot, go into BIOS and go to Boot
and change the order. Oddly for my install there was no name for the
boot options, I only had one entry that said "2". the second boot option
was invisible, I was able to select it by selecting the "2" and
pressing F6 to change orders, even though it's invisible it seems to
still work so just save and exit and it should boot fine. You can
install os-prober once you are in Linux and config grub again to add
Windows 10 to your grub menu if it wasn't installed as part of your
distributions install or use F12 during boot to choose Windows or Linux.
The Ethernet port does not work, I assume the driver for it is not in
the Linux kernel yet and might need to be installed manually, I use WiFi
so I have not bothered but if there are requests to get it working, I
will look into it. Also If people are interested in guides for
Undervoltting the CPU in Linux, Installing Nvidia Drivers and setting up
Optimus to change between the Intel and Nvidia GPU for battery life,
please post in the comments and I will work on them next.
I apologize for grammar and spelling mistakes in this guide, I haven't
had time to double check everything so if there are any, please post and
let me know so I can update it.