What is TPM?
As hackers become more sophisticated and find increasingly deceptive ways to access computers, devices must be equipped with the latest security technology. A Trusted Platform Module (TPM) is a small chip that protects a computer from malware or other cyber attacks. The TPM is found on a computer’s motherboard and is usually pre-installed onto devices with a recent version of Windows. When users switch on their devices, the TPM will quickly scan for any signs of hacking and automatically generate a cryptographic key to power up if everything is normal.
TPM 1.2 vs TPM 2.0
TPM technology is a hardware-based security approach that provides a root of trust. Its features have evolved as technology advances, protecting users by assessing and reporting the platform integrity of a device. Earlier versions of Windows are usually installed with TPM 1.2 and meet basic security specifications. TPM 1.2 is activated when a computer is switched on and provides measurements and validation of components before they can be loaded into the memory. Moreover, TPM 1.2 supports necessary cryptographic functions and can store up to 2048-bit RSA keys.
TPM 2.0 offers newer and more advanced security support designed to address the limitations of previous versions. With the ability to store up to 4096-bit RSA keys, TPM 2.0 provides enhanced flexibility and supports newer cryptographic algorithms. TPM 2.0 offers distinct security advantages over TPM 1.2 and is compatible with most major operating systems, including Windows and Linux.
How does TPM work? How to use a TPM?
TPMs are cryptographic modules that enhance the security of devices and networks. They offer numerous security features, including tamper-resistance and integrity measurement, and protect data via encryption and decryption. A TPM creates encryption codes that are stored between the TPM chip and the computer’s hard drive.
TPMs defend a computer from the get-go, running advanced checks to safeguard devices against malicious code from the second it is switched on. They also prevent unauthorized access to data: if the TPM chip is missing or there are signs the device has been tampered with, it simply will not turn on. TPMs are installed directly onto the device’s motherboard and are activated upon switching on a device. As such, they do not require any additional action from the user.
Do I already have a TPM?
Whether or not a computer already has TPM depends on when it was bought and which Windows version it uses. Devices purchased after 2016 usually come with TPM 2.0. Older devices may be equipped with TPM 1.2 or have no TPM at all.
Can I add a TPM if I do not have one?
Those comfortable with the ins and outs of a computer should be able to add a TPM 2.0 chip to its motherboard. Users should be mindful of when their device was built, as older computers may be unable to run Windows 11. Moreover, getting a TPM up and running may not be as easy as it seems.
There are generally three installation options for TPMs:
* A discrete TPM chip that comes as a separate component in a semiconductor package.
* An integrated TPM solution that uses dedicated hardware integrated into one or more semiconductor packages. This is usually separate from other components.
* A firmware TPM solution that runs the TPM in a Trusted Execution mode as part of a general computation unit.
What are the benefits of using TPM?
Although TPMs are unseen by users, they are crucial for running a secure device. Here are three ways using a TPM can benefit your computing experience.
1) Data encryption
Security is more relevant than ever before. Despite this, there are still a large number of unencrypted data transmissions that are easily readable by hackers. There is a risk of unencrypted data being intercepted during transmission, with a staggering seven million unencrypted data records compromised daily. TPM uses advanced software and hardware algorithms to protect plain-text data through encryption.
2) Protects from start-up malware
Specialized fast-acting malware can compromise computers during start-up, causing destruction before antivirus software has noticed something is wrong. TPMs establish a root of trust by verifying the boot loader first and evaluating whether or not the device has been tampered with. If something untoward is detected, the operating system will refuse to boot the system. If not, the computer will start as normal.
3) Storage safety
Studies show that 55% of people recall passwords from memory. If you have ever forgotten a password and endured a grueling reset process, you will know how frustrating memorizing passwords can be. But the alternatives are often riskier, with 20% of people stating they store passwords in their email accounts. Despite obvious vulnerabilities, these methods lack proper protection. Users can safely store encryption keys, certificates, and passwords inside a TPM, which offers more security than other methods.
What are the limitations of using TPM?
With cyber-attacks on the rise, there is no question Microsoft is doing all it can to protect users. TPM 2.0 is another effort to ramp up security in the face of rising cybercrime, however there may be some limitations.
1) Unclear installation
For those less comfortable with tinkering, finding out whether or not a computer has a pre-installed TPM could be challenging. If there is no TPM installed, users may try to install one themselves or purchase an additional TPM just in case. However, additional TPMs cannot necessarily protect against all kinds of attacks.
2) Does not prevent all attacks
TPMs may not be able to protect against so-called cold boot attacks, in which sensitive information is accessed from a computer’s random accessed memory (RAM) once the computer switches off. RAM data is usually erased when a computer shuts down. However, during cold boot attacks, criminals can quickly freeze the RAM and transfer its contents to another device. TPMs prevent keys from being loaded into memory, but they cannot prevent keys from being captured if they are already in the memory.
3) Compatibility issues
TPM 2.0 is compatible with most major operating systems, such as Windows, Linux, and macOS. However, earlier TPM versions are not compatible with non-Windows operating systems, meaning that some users may not be receiving the most recent protection.
With rising cases of cyberattacks, computers are undoubtedly more secure with a TPM. A TPM checks devices for tampering or malware even before it starts up and will simply refuse to switch on if it detects any unusual activity. Most devices purchased after 2016 already come with TPM 2.0, offering advanced protection for Windows 11 users. Devices purchased before this year may have TPM 1.2, although some have no protection at all. For maximum security, it is beneficial to check which TPM version your device has and install or upgrade it if necessary. Doing so will protect your device from malicious malware and provide ultimate password protection.
What is YouChat?
YouChat is an AI powered conversational search assistant that promises to revolutionize the way we search for information online. In this article we will discuss the origins of YouChat, how it stands out from other bots in the crowd, and what the future holds. Read on to familiarize yourself with the first large language model that actively stays up to date on current affairs. YouChat is the AI search engine that’s got people the world over asking it questions.
Searching for answers to our questions
Let’s begin by looking at how we use the internet to search for information and answers to our questions. Take a commonly searched query: “Can a cracked windscreen be repaired?” To find an answer (answers), a traditional search likely involves typing a query into your preferred search engine. The user is then presented with adverts, promoted pages, and several answers selected by the search engine. Scrolling down, there will be page after page of links to websites offering further information.
Depending on the complexity of the original question and your appetite for information, you might be able to find an answer quickly. There is always the danger of getting swamped with too much information. This is especially true if you like to get stuck in and dig deeper, comparing answers by reading multiple opinions in a discussion website or forum.
Perhaps you have used an AI search engine, one of the large language models like ChatGPT? How did your user experience compare to traditional searching? Currently, ChatGPT is still prone to “hallucinating” incorrect answers that it confidently offers as correct. YouChat is a hallucinator, too. Hallucinations aside, while both traditional searching and ChatGPT style search bots have advantages, neither of them have the conversational, personable character of YouChat.
Who are You? Who is YouChat?
The creator of YouChat is You.com, the search engine founded by former Salesforce maestros Richard Soccer and Bryan McCann. You.com offers a different approach to Google, integrating apps into search results, providing integrated results from relevant apps. The impetus is on the user: rankings are user influenced by giving a thumbs up or down, making You “The AI Search Engine You Control.”
YouChat launched in 2022, on the day before Christmas Eve. The AI powered conversational search assistant was upgraded and YouChat 2.0 was introduced on February 7th, 2023. Since then, YouChat 3.0 has landed, featuring a handy function called C-A-L (Chat, Apps, and Links), providing a wide range of results including images, videos, news, and maps. All of these can be conveniently accessed without having to open a new tab or leave the search results page.
Key to its current success and efficacy, the chat function is linked to up to the minute news and information sourced from platforms including Reddit and Wikipedia. So, even if you suspect that YouChat has given you an incorrect answer, it is easy to check: simply using the search function, without leaving the page.
As we shall discover, YouChat is a little different, and claims to be “The AI Search Engine You Control.” Let’s explore a little more. YouChat, in many ways, resembles a personal search assistant or an alternative Alexa. The chat interface, supported by AI and Natural Language Processing (NPL) power, allows human-like conversations, using its own language model. Perhaps the YouBot inhabiting YouChat will be embarrassed if I keep trying to describe it/him/her/they, so, here’s YouChat’s self introduction:
“Hello! My name is YouChat, I’m an AI that can answer general questions, explain things, suggest ideas, translate, summarize text, compose emails, and write code for you. I’m powered by artificial intelligence and natural language processing, allowing you to have human-like conversations with me. I am constantly learning from huge amounts of information on the internet, which means I sometimes may get some answers wrong. My AI is always improving, and I will often share sources for my answers."
Straight from the horse's mouth, that should give you a better idea of what YouChat is. Although it is common these days to view every AI chat tool in comparison to ChatGPT, YouChat and ChatGPT are actually quite different. While they serve a similar purpose, the tech and content are separate, and the overall user experience is not the same. Very soon, there will be many, many more chatbots in the vein of ChatGPT, Google Bard and YouChat, but for now we will focus on YouChat.
What can YouChat do for you?
YouChat can read, write, summarize, provide ideas and explain things to you. On top of this, it can be used for good old fashioned web searches, or you can enlist YouChat’s ￼￼YouBot to sort the search results for you.
YouChat can help you to complete a range of tasks, from answering questions to creating content, summarizing books, and providing sources. Logical reasoning is another of YouChat’s talents, as is explaining complex concepts in terms that you can understand. YouChat is also a linguist, functioning in any of the world’s languages and is able to translate any language you can throw at it.
While it is more up-to-date than many other large language models, YouChat is beset with similar issues to other AI search engines and hallucinates references, expresses biases and sometimes provides misinformation, and outdated or irrelevant links.
It is important to remember that we are still very much in the early days of AI chatbots. The YouChat user experience is constantly improving and the more it is used, the better it gets. YouChat can approximate human style conversations, while politely answering your questions.
What does the future hold?
While many people (this author included) who experiment with YouChat and the You.com search engine are struck by its futuristic feel, there is still plenty of room for further growth. It is hard to say what the future has in store, but further evolution of AI bots promises increased convenience, speed, and accuracy when searching with the help of a generative AI search assistant. The possibilities may well be endless.
How to Test Your Firewall
Firewalls are an essential part of cybersecurity for both individuals and businesses, especially in the current Internet landscape where ordinary users are increasingly susceptible to cyberattacks. But many users don’t know that firewall testing is a crucial part of network security. Read on to learn more about maintaining your home or work firewall in order so you can stay protected.
What is a firewall, and why should I test it?
Firewalls act as a barrier between your network and the internet. Firewalls filter both incoming and outgoing traffic based on predefined criteria that define suspicious activity. In doing so, they protect your devices from a security breach and safeguard access to your personal information. They come in several different varieties, including software, software as a service (SaaS), hardware, public cloud, and private cloud (virtual).
Some networks use multiple firewalls. Businesses whose networks involve many devices may implement firewalls for each specific device as well as a network for the entire network. That way, incoming and outgoing traffic needs to pass two separate barriers before being allowed entry.
Most people’s devices come with a network firewall already installed. If you’re not sure, go to the security settings on your device and check that your firewall is turned on. Unfortunately, however, ensuring the firewall is turned on does not guarantee that it’s providing optimal protection. For the most secure connection, you should conduct regular tests of your firewall.
You see, firewalls were not designed to be set up once and left alone. For optimal protection and performance, you should regularly test your home or business firewall and make sure that it is effective. You will need to edit and define your firewall settings regularly to make it effective. This practice ensures that your firewall responds and adapts to changing network conditions.
In a world where cybersecurity attacks are becoming more sophisticated and more frequent, firewall testing is a crucial step of any security plan. In addition, firewall testing is required in some contexts where your Internet usage is governed by compliance standards and regulations.
Luckily, firewall testing has evolved to meet the current demands of network security. Testing can be done for free and can evaluate various aspects of your firewall performance as well as its adherence to various standards, including HIPAA or NIST. Let’s take a closer look in the next section.
How do I check my firewall?
There are a lot of free network security firewall testing tools available that cater to the needs of a variety of connections, ranging from personal devices and business networks. You can check your firewall in a few different categories, including functionality, security, performance, and compliance.
A great way to test your network is from the Internet so that you can simulate incoming attacks. One of the most accessible and user-friendly tools for firewall testing is ShieldsUP from Gibson Research. Like any good firewall testing tool, ShieldsUP tests all of your device’s ports to ensure they’re not visible to hackers.
ShieldsUP and other similar online firewall testers tend to offer a few different network firewall tests. The common ports test evaluates some of the most common (and often most vulnerable) ports used by services like FTP and NetBIOS, ensuring they are in stealth mode and invisible to hackers using port scanning tools.
The file sharing test, on the other hand, checks for ports typically associated with hazardous or suspicious programs. If the test detects one of these programs, it means that your computer could have been infected with a hidden file server.
An all ports and services test involves all ports and checks their status: open, closed, or in stealth mode. This allows you to see which ports may be vulnerable to attack and react accordingly.
If you operate a large network and are looking for a more comprehensive security evaluation, you may want to consider hiring a professional to perform penetration testing. Though this option is clearly more expensive and time-consuming, it replicates real attacks much more closely, allowing you to detect and respond to any holes in your network security.
How should I interpret my results?
So, you’ve done all your tests: now what? What do the results mean, and how should I respond to them? With network security firewall testing, the tests themselves are just the beginning. Here are a few steps you can take after firewall testing for best results.
First, if your tests have revealed any open ports, evaluate whether or not those ports need to be open. The more open ports you have, the more vulnerable you are to a cyberattack, so you should aim to keep as many ports in stealth mode as possible.
Secondly, evaluate whether or not the firewall performed as you expected. You may want to consider its speed, its volume capacity, its ability to prevent attacks, and its compliance with whatever standard your network uses.
Thirdly, document the results of your test. Understanding how your firewall performed in a previous test will give you more insight into how to interpret another test.
How often should I test my firewall?
You may have noticed the mention of “previous test” in the last paragraph. This is because best network security practices indicate that you should perform regular tests. The exact frequency will depend on your network and your needs.
Do you run a business with many employees and various firewalls? You may want to implement a policy requiring firewall testing every several months. Are you a personal computer user who rarely makes changes to their network? Every six months might be sufficient. In any case, remember that the higher the frequency of testing, the more secure you can feel in your network security.
Firewall testing is an important step towards increased network security in an age of digital vulnerability. Though there are more pitfalls now than ever before, the technology we have to mitigate those risks has also evolved. By conducting regular firewall testing, we can add strength to our network security and ensure a safe browsing experience.
How to Reverse Image Search from Your Desktop or Phone
Image search is the ability to do a keyword search and find images related to what you typed. Most search engines offer image results, which can be very convenient. But what if you have an image and want to know its origin or find similar images? That is when you need a reverse image search.
What is a reverse image search?
Reverse image search is a powerful query technique used for content-based image retrieval. The technique involves providing a search system with a sample image, which serves as the basis for the search. A sample image can be incredibly useful for information retrieval purposes, as it eliminates the need for users to guess at keywords or terms that may or may not yield accurate results for what they are trying to find. The defining feature of reverse image search is the lack of a need to provide any search terms, which makes the technique simple and convenient for users to find related content, discover manipulated versions and derivative works of images, and even gauge the popularity of an image.
Why would you use a reverse image search?
Some of the use-cases where you can utilize reverse image search tools are as follows:
* Find similar pictures: If you have a certain photo that you love and want to find other similar images, a reverse image search may be more effective than a normal keyword search for locating similar images. You do not need to refine search terms when using an image for your search.
* Find out the source of an image: If you have received a picture and want to know where it came from originally, a reverse image search will give you as much information as possible about where it was first uploaded to the Internet.
* Identify a person or get a person’s contact details: If you have lost touch with someone, a reverse image search can be performed to locate information about them by finding images that match that person on various websites, social media accounts, and public forums.
* Mobile image recognition: Connect the physical world to the digital using image recognition: if you are out and about and see something that you would like to know more about, you can take a photo of it and do a reverse image search to locate similar images, and then get information about those similar images.
* Find copyrighted photos: If you are a photographer or you sell copyrighted images/photos, you can do a reverse image search to see where else on the Internet your photos are being used to make sure you get your royalties.
* Check the authenticity of a picture: Look up images of accommodation rentals to make sure that they are not listed on other sites, which is something that a scammer might do. Scammers often steal images and list them as their own rental to take your deposit.
* Perform a product search: Find products that you have seen on the Internet and are interested in buying. For example, if you see something on Pinterest, such as a product or recipe, that is not linked to a product page, you can find out where it is available for purchase by using its image in a reverse image search.
How to reverse image search on desktop
Using your web browser, open any of the major search engines, such as Google Search, Bing, or Yandex. The following instructions apply to Yandex:
* Click the “Images” icon above the search bar.
* Click on the camera icon which is in the search bar toward the right.
* A popup box will appear where you are given the option to enter an image’s URL or upload a photo from your desktop.
* Most users save a photo they have already found online and then upload it into this box.
* The search engine will then display similar images and a list of all the pages where each image is displayed.
How to do a reverse image search on iPhone or Android
On phones, websites load differently and may not automatically offer reverse image searches. For example, when you fire up images.google.com on mobile, although the camera icon does show up in the search bar, tapping it will send you to download the Chrome app (from where you can easily perform a reverse image search).
To access Google’s reverse image search without using the Chrome app, you can load the desktop version of the Google website (or any other search engine’s website) on your mobile device. In Safari, tap the aA icon on the bottom left and select Request Desktop Site. In Chrome, tap the three-dot menu, scroll down on the menu that pops up, and select Request Desktop Site. On both browsers, that will load the desktop version of Google Images, and a working camera icon will appear. Then you can upload a photo from your photo library to perform a search on.
The reverse image search by Microsoft Bing is accessed as easily on mobile as it is on desktop. Browse to bing.com on any browser app and tap the camera icon that appears in the search bar in the same way as you would on desktop. You will then be asked to provide access to your camera and photo library, and you can either take a photo or upload one to perform the reverse image search.
Apps for reverse image search
If you prefer apps over the browser, a variety of reverse image search apps have been developed that you can keep on your smartphone at all times. Two of the best reverse image search apps are:
* Reverse Image Search Tool by Liam’s Studio on Google Play Store
* Reverse Image Search by Tiemei Yan on the App Store
Tips for using reverse image search
If you want even more advice on how to reverse search an image or if your searches are coming up empty-handed, try some of these tips:
* Crop images to highlight specific details that you wish to search for.
* Compress images before upload to save on upload bandwidth and time.
* Input a specific date range into the search tool.
* A input text into the search box to refine your results (if possible).
* Flip the photo to a different orientation.
* Upgrade the quality of your source photos.
Performing a reverse image search is a quick and easy way to find additional context about images and is a vital step for many professionals who work with photos. Try out the tips provided in this article and see what results you get.
What is Partitioning? How to Partition a Hard Drive? [Windows 11]
When you buy a brand-new computer or set up a new hard drive, you'll typically find it with a single partition - your C: drive on Microsoft Windows. You store all your apps, files, and personal data in one digital 'room.’
But why stick with a single room when you can have several? That's where disk partitioning comes in. You can separate it into multiple partitions or drives:
* System and programs (C: Drive)
* Files and user data (D: Drive)
Partitioning gives you more control. It boosts performance, makes backups easier, and reinstalling Windows is a cinch if you run into problems.
This article covers everything you need to know about disk partitioning, how to set it up, and the challenges you might encounter.
What is a Disk Partition?
A disk partition is a hard drive section separated from other segments. Think of it as a way to split your computer's hard drive into several smaller, independent units. These units are managed by your operating system (OS) and file systems as if they were individual hard drives.
Each partition earns a unique name or drive letter, such as C, D, and E, to help you recognize and access your different computer drives. It compartmentalizes your system so that each drive runs independently without affecting the others.
These partitions also work under a specific file system that dictates how data is stored, organized, and accessed. In Windows, you'll commonly encounter two:
* NTFS (New Technology File System): the go-to file system for Windows that supports virtually limitless file sizes and packs advanced features for data protection and recovery.
* FAT (File Allocation Table): This old-school file system has been around since 1977 and is best known for its compatibility. However, it has file size limitations.
Navigating the world of file systems might seem daunting, but just understand that different systems cater to different needs. NTFS is modern and packed with advanced features, while FAT offers broad compatibility, despite its limitations.
Due to larger cluster sizes, partitioning on FAT file systems can:
* Efficiently allocate space
* Reduce waste
* Potentially improve performance
However, file allocation is already efficient on NTFS file systems, thanks to smaller cluster sizes. Hence, the perks of partitioning for space usage and performance boost aren't as beneficial when using NTFS.
Why partition your hard drive?
When partitioning your hard drive, you divide the hard disk into separate sections that store different data types. Typically, you split your disk into at least two drives:
* System partition (C: Drive): Your digital command center. It holds your system files, OS, and all your software and apps.
* Data partition (D: Drive): Your personal vault. A storage locker for your documents, photos, music, and videos.
What do you gain by splitting your user data from the system data? Here's the deal:
* Better file organization
* Easier maintenance and recovery
* More efficient backups
* Reduces the risk of data loss
* Performance optimization
Partitioning helps prevent your system drive from being filled up, which can severely slow down your computer or make your system grind to a halt. Plus, it lessens the chance of data loss during system-related operations like OS reinstallations, as your files stay untouched in their data partition.
7 Advantages of Disk Partitioning
Why partition your hard drive? Here are some pros:
1) No-Stress OS reinstallation
With your Windows system files on a separate drive from your personal data, operations on Windows become a breeze. Reinstallation is simpler. All you need to do is format your Windows partition and reinstall the OS, leaving your programs and files untouched. Want an insurance policy? Clone your Windows partition for an exact OS setup backup in case of system failures or data corruption.
2) Simplified backup
We can't stress enough how important backing up your files is. While having files on a separate partition doesn't replace a real backup, it streamlines your backup process. You can easily choose which drive needs to be backed up. Now, backup is faster with smaller file sizes and shorter processing time.
You can also get your backup software to protect the entire drive eliminating the fuss of selecting individual folders.
3) Improved security
Separate drives can provide an extra defense against malware, such as ransomware. If your Windows drive gets infected, your personal files on the other partition could remain safe. As always, don't rely solely on partitioning – equip yourself with robust anti-virus tools.
4) Efficient file organization
Partitioning offers custom categories for your data: one for games and apps, another for documents and media, and so on. This can make it simpler to locate and access specific data.
5) Smooth multi-OS installations
Partitioning isn't just for segregating OS files and personal data – you can run Windows and Linux on the same computer. Each operating system is installed on a separate partition, allowing you to choose the desired one during boot-up. This configuration is commonly called a dual-boot or multi-boot setup.
6) Performance optimization
Partitioning can improve performance in specific scenarios. Placing the operating system and frequently accessed files on a separate partition can minimize file fragmentation and enhance responsiveness, especially on older hard disk drives (HDD).
7) Multi-file systems compatibility
Splitting an external HDD into partitions, you can format it to a FAT file system for universal compatibility to help you tailor disc space to your needs. This can be especially useful for external drives used across multiple OSes. Partitions can also be handy for juggling various file systems.
5 Disadvantages of Disk Partitioning
On the flip side, here are a few drawbacks to partitioning your hard drive:
1) False sense of security
Partitioning your drive may give the illusion of multiple independent units, but remember, they're all part of one physical entity. A drive failure, or damage from an unforeseen event, could wipe out everything, regardless of your partitions. This could be a nasty surprise for those unfamiliar with disk partitioning. Backing up data, irrespective of its partition, is vital—always keep multiple copies.
2) Extra complexity and error prone
Partitioning adds extra complexity to disk management. Having multiple partitions means dealing with separate storage spaces, drive letters, and file systems.
Configuring Windows to correctly save files and software across different partitions introduces complexity and increases the chance of mistakes. Inadvertently erasing a partition during formatting is an all-too-real risk.
3) Space management hurdles
Managing and optimizing partition sizes to avoid inefficient space usage can be challenging. If the partition sizes are not carefully planned, it can lead to wasted space as one partition sits half-empty.
An example of the size hurdle could be that a Windows 11 update needs more space than your partition has, forcing you to shrink one partition and extend another. While Windows does facilitate easy partition resizing, it's still an inconvenience to juggle regularly.
4) Limited Flexibility
Partition sizes and locations are fixed when created. This lack of flexibility can be a disadvantage if your storage needs change over time. Modifying it later can be difficult without resorting to complex and potentially risky procedures such as resizing or merging partitions.
5) Often Unnecessary
Partitioning offers tangible benefits for power users, but it's overkill for everyday users. The average user doesn't manage enough files to warrant separate partitions, nor do they regularly install other operating systems. Many of us store our documents in the cloud now.
6) SSDs Have Changed the Game:
Much of the rationale for partitioning has faded with the widespread adoption of Solid State Drives (SSDs). Partitioning an SSD doesn't deliver the same benefits as a mechanical HDD.
Should I Partition My SSD?
In the past era of HDDs, these mechanical drives stored your data on a magnetic platter. The drive would physically spin around to access data bits far apart, affecting performance. Partitioning was required to boost efficiency as it:
* Helped minimize wear and tear
* Improved read and write performance for faster data transfers
Separating data also helps defragmentation, an essential part of HDD maintenance, to run faster.
However, with SSDs, none of this applies. SSDs use "flashing" technology to write files, enabling instant data access. As there are no moving parts to wear out, and data can be retrieved instantly from anywhere, partitioning doesn't improve performance like HDDs. So, with SSDs, it's really up to your personal preferences.
However, partitioning SSD has some advantages:
* Streamlines backup and restoring the system
* Efficiently manages OS and personal data
* Protects personal files from system crashes or failure issues
How to Partition Your HD
1) Create Unallocated Space by shrinking the drive
To forge a new drive or partition, you need to shrink an existing one, creating unallocated space.
* Launch Disk Management: Right-click the Windows Start button in the toolbar and click Disk Management from the drop-down menu.
* Selecting a Drive: From the drive map displayed at the bottom of the Disk Management window, choose the hard drive you wish to partition.
* Shrinking the Drive: Right-click on the disk and select the Shrink Volume... option from the context menu. Now, you can specify the amount you want to reduce the drive chosen.
* Modifying the Partition Size: Change the partition size in the smaller window that pops up and click Shrink to confirm. This newly freed space can now serve to create a new partition.
2) Create a New Drive from the Unallocated Space
Now, you can transform the unallocated space into a brand-new drive:
* Right-click on the Unallocated box in the Disk Management window
* Click the New Simple Volume… option from the context menu.
* The New Simple Volume Wizard window will pop up. Click the Next button to begin.
* Specify Volume Size: Keep the default amount if you wish to create a new drive from all the unallocated space. Otherwise, change the volume size to keep some unallocated space for another new partition. Click the Next button.
* Assign a drive letter if you want. Click the Next button.
* You can type a new drive name in the Volume label field. Once done, click on the Next button.
* Click the Finish button to close the Wizard.
* You can now see the drive in the Disk Management window.
Disk partitioning is a potent tool for power users to enhance performance, backups, and multi-OS setups. How effective it is comes down to your needs and the type of storage device. SSDs don't require them, and caution is needed as partitioning can introduce complexities and potential data loss.
You're now well-equipped to navigate the intricacies of disk partitioning. Remember, it's one step of efficient data management—effective when used wisely with other practices like regular backups and appropriate file systems.
Top 10 Cities in Asia for Digital Nomads - 2023 (part 2)
Asia is a top travel destination for digital nomads, combining cultures, cuisines, and tech-friendly cities. With COVID-19 no longer a pandemic, remote work is rising, presenting a unique opportunity to travel the world while earning a living. Before you book your ticket, get travel insurance, and pack your bag, just remember to do your homework. The first thing on your list? Picking the right digital nomad laptop for your journey.
There's a world of choices out there, and we have discussed many incredible places in Asia to work remotely. This time, we're looking at some unique Asian cities offering a different vibe.
Asia's cultural and culinary landscape is as diverse as it is exciting, ensuring you won't have a dull moment working remotely here. Plus, the continent's compact geography means you can country-hop without busting your budget.
The continent is home to many high-tech cities, catering perfectly to the needs of digital nomads. So when you feel the urge to explore, hopping to the next Asian hotspot is a breeze.
1) Shanghai, China: where East meets West
Shanghai is a thriving, bustling city with skyscrapers, shops, and modern conveniences. There is a long history with plenty of cultural landmarks to visit, museums, and art galleries.
Despite its high population density, Shanghai has many gardens and parks amongst the high-rise where you can picnic or relax and enjoy nature. Walk along the Bund, a famed waterside walkway with spectacular city views and grand, Western-style buildings built in the late 19th and early 20th Centuries.
Being a center for modern technology, buying a new device, or finding co-working spaces that provide reliable internet connections, comfortable work environments, and opportunities to network and collaborate with like-minded individuals is no problem in Shanghai. For China, you’ll need a visa for stays longer than 144 hours and the current US travel advisory level is 3 which means to reconsider travel.
Fast facts about Shanghai:
* Population: 29 million
* Cost of living per month: USD 1,997
* Internet Speed: Fast - 156.94 Mbps mobile, 229.08 Mbps fixed line
2) Osaka, Japan: cosmopolitan hotspot for digital nomads
Osaka is Japan's third most populated city, making finding co-working spaces and fast internet speeds easy to cater to all your needs. The locals are famous for being friendly, and English has been taught in schools for decades, so there will always be someone to help you out while you learn enough Japanese to get by.
In your spare time, go hiking in the countryside, visit Universal Studios, or visit temples and other cultural experiences. Osaka has one of the oldest Buddhist temples in the country, Shitennō-ji. Takoyaki (ball-shaped snacks containing octopus) is credited as being invented in Osaka. Japanese theater is also widely available.
Fast Facts about Osaka:
* Population: 19 million
* Cost of living per month: USD 2,530
* Internet Speed: Medium – 43.87 Mbps mobile, 111.26 Mbps fixed line
3) Seoul, South Korea: digital nomad's high-tech haven
Seoul is a central technological hub known for its innovation and advanced technology, with reliable high-speed internet connectivity. This city's co-working spaces, cafes, and libraries equipped with lightning-fast Wi-Fi are as ubiquitous as its vibrant street food stalls. Seoul is your ideal destination if you're a digital nomad in a tech-heavy field or simply seeking a rendezvous with the future.
Despite being a bustling metropolis with lively nightlife, Seoul is surrounded by natural beauty. You can easily escape to nearby mountains, such as Bukhansan National Park, for hiking and outdoor activities. And within the city's boundaries, tranquil parks and green spaces provide a peaceful counterpoint to the thrumming pace of business, offering fresh air amidst the hustle and bustle.
Fast Facts about Seoul:
* Population: 10 million
* Cost of living per month: USD 2,384
* Internet Speed: Fast - 122.76 Mbps mobile, 141.67 Mbps fixed line
4) Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: your digital nomad tropical retreat
Kuala Lumpur is a beacon for digital nomads with its high-speed internet services and numerous co-working spaces, cafes, and libraries. These spaces, well-equipped with Wi-Fi, foster an ideal environment for remote work. Enjoy the city's relatively low living cost, making Kuala Lumpur an affordable choice compared to many other major cities. Its status as a central airline hub means easy access to the rest of Asia or beyond.
Kuala Lumpur is a multicultural city with a rich blend of Malay, Chinese, and Indian influences. This diversity is reflected in its vibrant food scene and cultural experiences. English is widely spoken by locals making it easy to interact with locals and find your way around.
Like much of Asia, Kuala Lumpur's tropical climate may challenge you if you're unaccustomed to heat and humidity. But if you're a fan of the tropics, the city's warm weather will feel just like paradise.
Fast Facts about Kuala Lumpur:
* Population: 6.7 million
* Cost of living per month: USD 1,369
* Internet speed: 47.57 Mbps mobile, 93.83 Mbps fixed line
5) Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam: budget-friendly nomad base
Ho Chi Minh City, formerly known as Saigon, unfolds as a budget-friendly haven for digital nomads, offering reasonable prices for accommodations, food, transportation, and entertainment. It allows you to maintain a comfortable lifestyle without breaking the bank. The city has many co-working spaces and cafes providing reliable internet connections, relaxed work environments, and opportunities to network and collaborate with other remote workers.
Ho Chi Minh City is known for its delicious and diverse cuisine. From street food stalls to trendy restaurants, you'll find an abundance of local dishes to tantalize your taste buds.
Of course, as with any major city, Ho Chi Minh has its share of challenges, including traffic congestion and occasional bouts of air pollution. However, its affordable cost of living, vibrant culture, and growing infrastructure are great for digital nomads who seek a cheap base in Asia.
Fast Facts about Ho Chi Minh City:
* Population: 9.3 million
* Cost of living per month: USD 1,099
* Internet Speed: 48.60 Mbps mobile, 93.82 Mbps fixed line
6) Kaohsiung, Taiwan: coastal charm for digital wanderers
Kaohsiung is a pretty coastal city in southern Taiwan. As Taiwan's third-largest city, it offers a rich tapestry of experiences. Visit Monkey Mountain for a delightful encounter with its furry residents and awe-inspiring sea views, punctuated by historic buildings and sprawling landscapes.
If a beach escape is more your speed, Cijin Island, just a short ferry ride away, provides pristine beaches and the freshest seafood. Experience the vibrant Taiwanese culture through bustling night markets, intriguing museums, and unique art galleries waiting to be discovered.
Kaohsiung is big enough to have all the advantages of a city you need for working remotely, like easy-to-find accommodation, food, and co-working spaces. Yet, it's small enough for you to explore a wide variety of entertainment, history, and countryside.
Fast Facts about Kaohsiung:
* Population: 2.7 million
* Cost of living per month: USD 1,671
* Internet Speed: 65.53 Mbps mobile, 174.36 Mbps fixed line
7) Phnom Penh, Cambodia: remote work meets rich history
Situated at the junction of two rivers, Phnom Penh, the vibrant capital of Cambodia, presents a picturesque locale for boat rides, riverside strolls, and café-hopping. The riverbanks, with various shops, cafes, and bars, provide a unique backdrop for work and leisure. While its bustling nightlife is a draw, it's wise to stay alert and ensure personal safety, as with any major city.
Phnom Penh stands out as one of the more budget-friendly cities in Asia, offering a unique mix of affordability and cultural richness. Although internet speeds might not top the charts, they're fast enough for most digital nomads' needs. Add a healthy selection of co-working spaces to this, and you'll find Phnom Penh a compelling option for your digital nomad journey.
Fast Facts about Phnom Penh:
* Population: 2.3 million
* Cost of living per month: USD 1,130
* Internet Speed: 25.10 Mbps mobile, 21.19 Mbps fixed line
8) Chiang Mai, Thailand: tranquil reset for your digital life
Chiang Mai is a popular destination for digital nomads because the cost of living is relatively cheap for the high quality of life in a laid-back and relaxed atmosphere. Chiang Mai is known for its friendly locals, rich cultural heritage, and abundant natural beauty. You can explore historic temples, visit local markets, or venture into the nearby mountains and national parks for outdoor activities.
Chiang Mai has reliable internet connectivity available in most areas. Internet speeds are generally sufficient for remote work, and access to Wi-Fi is prevalent in cafes, co-working spaces, or your accommodation.
When planning your trip, remember to check out Thailand's different visa options based on your intended length of stay. That way, you're all set for your digital nomad journey in Chiang Mai.
Fast Facts about Chiang Mai:
* Population: 1.2 million
* Cost of living per month: USD 1,012
* Internet Speed: 37.32 Mbps mobile, 205.82 Mbps fixed line
9) Panaji, India: life in the heart of Goa
Panaji, also known as Panjim, is the charming capital of the Indian state of Goa. Living costs are relatively inexpensive, allowing digital nomads to live comfortably.
Panaji city boasts a fusion of Indian and Portuguese culture, a laid-back lifestyle, and a pleasant climate that's hard to resist. With its stunning beaches, vibrant local culture, and a strong emphasis on leisure, Panaji is an adventure in itself.
Get lost in the city's historic sites, explore local markets, and savor the distinctive flavors of traditional Goan cuisine. If you time your visit right, you might witness the city's lively festivals and cultural events. Those interested in wellness will find ample opportunities to learn about yoga, meditation, and Ayurveda practices.
While Panaji is smaller than other cities on this list, and its coworking scene is still evolving, it offers work-friendly spaces and cafes. These places provide a decent work environment, Wi-Fi access and networking opportunities. Just keep in mind that the reliability and speed of the internet may differ.
Fast Facts about Panaji:
* Population: 115 thousand
* Cost of living per month: USD 1,466
* Internet Speed: 45.95 Mbps mobile, 44.56 Mbps fixed line
10) Canggu, Indonesia: surf, sand & software
Canggu may be small, but its charm is mighty. At first glance, it might not seem like an ideal workspace or entertainment hub. Still, this little corner of Indonesia has a unique appeal. After a day's work, enjoy the sun, surf, Indonesian culture, and rural countryside.
Indulge in a rejuvenating massage to loosen those work-tensed muscles, then unwind at cozy cafes, tranquil spas, and serene yoga centers. Despite its size and relaxed ambiance, Canggu offers ample co-working spaces to focus on your work before hitting the beach for a refreshing swim, sunset viewing, and socializing.
Unlike the concrete sameness of many urban landscapes, Canggu's natural beauty offers stunning diversity. With gorgeous beaches, cascading waterfalls, scenic walks, and bike rides nestled in a culture that prioritizes health and wellness, Canggu is a gem for digital nomads searching for a unique living and working experience.
Fast Facts about Canggu:
* Population: 40 thousand
* Cost of living per month: USD 1,700
* Internet Speed: 31.40 Mbps mobile, 31.80 Mbps fixed line
Starting your digital nomad adventure in Asia can be exciting and rewarding. Each city has its unique charm and challenges. But with good travel planning, your experience can be a great one. Just remember, wherever you go, be careful and do your research before you leave home.
How to Use Google Bard
Google released Bard, its answer to ChatGPT, in early 2023, and users have been testing it out to see how it compares to OpenAI’s artificial intelligence-powered chatbot, ChatGPT. We recently performed a deep dive on Google Bard, covering the basics of Google’s exciting new AI platform. Now, in this article, we will detail all of the ways that you can use Google Bard, so that you can get the most out of it.
What is Google Bard?
Like ChatGPT, Bard is a chatbot that uses deep learning algorithms called large language models to generate text in response to user prompts. Bard was initially powered by LaMDA (short for Language Model for Dialogue Applications) during its multiyear development phase, but since March 2023, Bard has been powered by PaLM 2, which stands for Pretrained Language Model 2. PaLM 2 is Google’s latest and most advanced large language model, with enhanced logic, math, and coding capabilities compared to LaMDA. PaLM 2 is capable of understanding human language as it is written.
Bard is similar to ChatGPT in many ways. The chatbot is able to answer complex questions about the universe and give you information on a range of topics in a conversational, interactive format. Bard differs from its rival, however, because it is connected to the web and therefore able to give up-to-date responses to user prompts.
In early May 2023, Bard came out of its testing phase and officially left its waitlist behind. Bard is now officially available in more than 180 countries, and users can join using either a Workspace account or a personal Google account.
How do I use Google Bard?
The following steps outline how to use Google Bard:
1) Go to the Google Bard login page & log in.
To get started on how to use Google Bard AI, visit the Bard homepage at bard.google.com. You will need to be logged in to your Google account. Note that users in unsupported countries will see the following Google Bard error: “Bard isn't currently supported in your country. Stay tuned!”
2) Get familiar with the Bard chat window.
Like the rest of the most popular AI chatbots available for use, the Google Bard chat window has been optimized to be user friendly and easy to navigate.
The main menu on the left side of the window contains five options:
* Reset chat: This will clear the current conversation and start a new one.
* Bard Activity: This will open a new tab with your prompt and response history.
* FAQ: Check the FAQ for Bard-specific questions and answers.
* Updates: This option lists a history of the different updates that have been made to Bard AI.
* Help: Click here to reach Bard Help or to send feedback.
The text area fills most of the screen:
* The prompt input bar sits at the bottom of the screen. Type your questions or prompts here then hit enter or click Submit on the right.
* Dictate your prompts by clicking on the microphone at the right of the prompt input bar.
* Your conversation with Bard AI will appear at the center of the chat window. View other drafts of Bard’s responses, give a thumbs up or down to provide feedback to the model, or submit your prompt to Google Search to get related search results.
* Next to your prompt in the chat window, you will see an Edit Text button. This gives you the option of editing your prompt to get a new answer, which can be useful if you realize you need to be more specific but do not want to rewrite your prompt.
3) Start writing your prompts.
At this point, you are ready to start using Google’s Bard AI. Just enter your query in the text area and send it to the chatbot to see its response.
What can Google Bard do?
Google Bard has a broad range of useful applications, and what you will find it most useful for depends on your role. A software engineer, for example, might use Google Bard to understand the complexities of a piece of code. An event planner might use Bard to brainstorm venue locations. Bard can also be used to do the following:
* Summarize articles and web pages
* Brainstorm and generate content ideas
* Write taglines and short descriptions for inspiration
* Compare research and data in a chart or table
* Obtain travel and activity recommendations
* Translate both text and speech into several languages
* Ask open-ended, challenging, or unusual questions
What are some useful tips to help me make the most out of using Google Bard?
Beginner and advanced users alike will get the most out of Google Bard by sticking to the following tips:
* Be specific with your requests. Google Bard’s AI is designed to respond to specific requests and provide relevant information. Be clear and concise with your queries to get accurate results.
* Use natural language. Like other AI chatbots, Google Bard is designed to interpret and respond to natural language queries. Using full sentences and natural language can help you get better results.
* Utilize multiple prompts. Google Bard is designed to provide a conversational experience, so feel free to ask multiple follow-up questions to dive deeper into a topic.
* Experiment with different topics. Try different topics to engage with the AI and learn something new on a wide range of topics, from weather and news to fun facts and trivia.
* Provide feedback. The system is constantly being improved, and your feedback can help make the experience better. Provide feedback or suggestions to help create a better conversational experience.
Google Bard is shaping up to be a useful and even fun addition to the toolkits of Internet users around the world. The Google Bard AI can provide users with relevant and up-to-date information from the web, and it can also spit out large walls of text from brief prompts with ease and skill. Whether Bard becomes the premier search assistant or fully fledged content creator remains to be seen.
How to Get Diablo 4 Twitch Drop Cosmetics Items
Starting June 5, Twitch drops for Diablo 4 will kick off, running through the end of the month. This event offers plenty of opportunities to acquire exclusive cosmetics for your chosen class.
Rewards are earned by watching specific stream lengths, enabling you to secure weapon skins. In a unique twist, you can also earn the Primal Instinct mount by gifting subscriptions to selected influencers.
However, to claim these rewards, your Battle.net account must be linked to your Twitch account. Linking is a straightforward process. Sign in on Battle.net's connection page and once linked, you can claim your rewards and utilize them in-game. Interestingly, you don't need to own the game to earn the rewards.
The "support a streamer" segment of the event allows you to snag the Primal Instinct mount. This involves gifting two subscriptions of any tier to specific Twitch channels. The gifting periods are as follows:
* Start: June 5 at 4 pm PDT / End: July 2 at 11:59 pm PDT
* Start: June 5 at 7 pm EDT / End: July 3 at 2:59 am EDT
* Start: June 6 at 12 am BST / End: July 2 at 7:59 am BST
* Start: June 6 at 9 am AEST / End: July 2 at 4:59 pm AEST
The Diablo 4 Twitch drops are categorized by class on a weekly basis. For instance, the first week offers cosmetics for Rogue and Necromancer, with the following week focusing on Sorcerer. You can choose to tune in during the week that corresponds to your preferred class.
* Rogue and Necromancer: Between June 5 and 11, players have the opportunity to obtain the Azurehand Back-Stabber dagger (3 hours), Azurehand Heart-Piercer sword (3 hours), the Rogues' Matron-Sigil Coffer (6 hours), and the Necromancers' Progenitor Favor back trophy (6 hours).
* Sorcerer: In the week of June 12 to 18, participants can gain access to the Azurehand Spell-Slinger wand (3 hours) and the Sorcerers' Hellrune Tabernackle back trophy (6 hours).
* Druid: From June 19 to 25, players can secure the Azurehand Head-Cleaver axe (3 hours) and the Druids' Font of the Mother back trophy (6 hours).
* Barbarian: Lastly, from June 26 to July 2, participants can win the Azurehand Skull-Crusher mace (3 hours) and the Barbarians' Matriarch’s Mantle back trophy (6 hours).
To secure these rewards, simply watch any stream under the Diablo 4 category. Once you have accumulated three hours of viewing, remember to claim your reward from your Twitch inventory to start earning time for the six-hour reward.
Best Laptops for Digital Nomads to Work Remotely 
As a digital nomad, you work remotely, trading static office space for the freedom of the open road. Your office travels with you, and your laptop is at the heart of your mobile workspace. As you work on the move, your laptop requirements will differ from your home office. Three critical factors shape your laptop buying criteria:
A perfect travel laptop is a balancing act between power and weight, size, and usability. It must be lightweight yet powerful enough to keep up with your digital workload. Compact enough to slip into your backpack and not so small that working on it becomes a chore.
You're not just buying a laptop but investing in your mobile office, entertainment hub, and connection to the world. Before hitting the "buy" button, consider the laptop's battery life, processing power, display quality, durability, and cost. In this buyer's guide, we'll delve deeper into these factors and guide you through our top laptop picks for digital nomads in 2023.
How to choose the perfect digital nomad laptop
The best travel laptop is a featherweight champion—light enough to travel comfortably but powerful enough to handle your digital workload tasks. How you work remotely and travel will guide which type of laptop is best for you. Here are some key considerations to guide your choice:
1) Align it with your work needs
Not all laptops are created equal. Your laptop requirements will vary if you're a travel blogger, remote worker, or programmer. The high-performance demand for video editing differs from the simplicity of Google Workspace.
Your laptop must be compact enough to travel and powerful enough to run your software - a blend of power and portability. Choose a device that matches your professional requirements and won't disappoint you in a crunch.
Questions to Ask:
* Does my line of work require specific software?
* What are recommended laptop specs for my software?
2) Size & Weight: The Perfect Travel Companion
A laptop's portability matters for travel. Consider these aspects:
* How heavy is it to carry around?
* Can it breeze through airport security checks?
Think ultrabooks that weigh no more than 1.2 kg, making them easy to slip into a backpack and carry.
Fortunately, most airlines are on board with your digital needs. They don't count your laptop bag as part of your carry-on limit, allowing you to have your laptop and an additional carry-on item.
3) Display: The Bigger Picture
Your laptop screen is your window to your work world. The price tag won't matter if you can't comfortably view the screen when working or playing.
The more display pixels you have, the more content fits on-screen and the sharper it will look. A higher-resolution screen gives you more digital real estate to use:
* Full HD (1,920 x 1,080 pixels): this should be your starting point.
* Ultra HD or 4K (3,840 x 2,160 pixels): ideal for content creators who do photo or video editing.
A larger 15-inch screen might be your best bet if your laptop is your mobile workstation. 4K screens display four times the pixel count of a full HD display and four times the resolution meaning you can fit more on it. The downside is a potential drop in battery life.
4) Processor (CPU): The Laptop's Brain
The "brain" of your computer, the CPU, dramatically influences performance and dictates its speed and efficiency. Multitasking across apps is the norm for digital nomads, making a fast processor essential. Still, the least expensive model may be good enough, depending on your requirements.
Here's a quick breakdown:
* Intel® Core™ i9: For power users who use the most demanding software and require maximum performance. It handles any workload, including high-end 4K gaming, 3D rendering, and video editing.
* Intel® Core™ i7 and i5: Strike a balance between performance and power consumption. Powers mid-tier laptops for image editing, gaming, and other entertainment.
* Intel® Core™ i3: Entry-level chip that offers significant value for a lower cost. Ideal for lighter tasks such as web surfing, video calls, streaming, photo editing, Microsoft Office work, and some games like Fortnight or CS:GO.
A word of caution: a more powerful processor usually means more heat, possibly requiring a heavier cooling system, which could add to your laptop's weight.
5) RAM & Storage: The Capacity to Perform
Here are the essentials:
* RAM: A laptop with at least 8 GB is recommended for smooth multitasking. Heavy-duty tasks like video editing or gaming may require 16 GB or more.
* Storage: SSD has faster read and write speeds than HDD. Opt for a laptop with at least 512 GB SSD for adequate storage. Consider a larger SSD or a dual-drive system with both SSD and HDD for large files or extensive media libraries.
6) Durability: Built to Last
Your travel laptop should be ready to withstand the rigors of your nomadic lifestyle. Look for a computer with:
* Robust Build: Made from metal or high-quality plastic to take a beating while hopping from one location to another.
* Resistant Features: Spill-resistant keyboard and shock-proof build give you extra peace of mind.
* Warranty Check: Does the warranty cover international repairs? This can be critical if you're crossing borders frequently in your travels. Otherwise, factor it into your travel insurance.
Consider a rugged laptop if your journey takes you off the beaten path. These machines are designed to perform reliably in harsh environments, enduring extreme temperatures, dust, and moisture. These might be bulkier, but their resilience can be worth the trade-off.
7) Battery Life: Power for the Long Haul
As a digital nomad, power outlets are as elusive as a desert oasis. Aim for a laptop with at least 8-10 hours of battery life on a single charge. That's an entire workday, uninterrupted.
Remember that screen brightness, running applications, and WiFi use can affect battery life. Laptops with power-efficient processors and SSDs usually offer better battery performance.
Acer laptops for digital nomads
Acer ENDURO Urban N3 Laptop: Best Rugged Laptop
The Acer ENDURO Urban N3 Laptop is built to survive. With its dust and water-resistant design, this durable, rugged Windows laptop will work all day in harsh conditions.
If you're worried about performance, this machine has you covered. It delivers consistent, smooth performance to keep up with your multitasking, thanks to its Intel® Core™ i5 processor and 8GB RAM. With its long-lasting battery life, you won't be left scrambling for an outlet.
One of the lightest rugged laptops out there, it's as portable as it is durable, weighing a mere 1.85kg. You'll barely feel it in your backpack as you navigate the urban jungle or a real outdoors one.
It doesn't just endure; it excels. Its high-definition 14-inch screen ensures your work always appears crystal clear, even under the harshest sunlight. Its IP53 rating for dust and water resistance, along with its impressive pass of the MIL-STD 810G shock absorbency tests, makes it a resilient partner in your daily adventures.
Acer ENDURO Urban N3 Specs:
* CPU: Intel® Core™ i5-1135G7
* RAM: 8 GB, DDR4 SDRAM
* Display: 14" Full HD (1920 x 1080) 16:9
* Storage: 512 GB SSD
* Battery Life: 13 hours
* Weight: 1.85kg
* OS: Windows 11 Home
Swift Go 16 Laptop: Ultralight Powerhouse for Digital Nomads
Need an ultra-portable laptop that lasts all day on a single charge? Meet the Swift Go 16. It's thin, light, and power-efficient to keep up with your digital nomad lifestyle.
Boasting a 16-inch 3.2K OLED display with a rapid 120 Hz refresh rate, it renders vibrant, lifelike images that leap off the screen. The 16:10 aspect ratio provides additional vertical space, perfect for creators needing a broader canvas or gamers wanting a more immersive experience. Plus, it weighs only 2.29 kg.
It runs on the latest 13th Gen Intel® Core™ i7 processor. Verified as an Intel® Evo™ platform laptop, it offers top-tier performance and an impressive battery life of over 9.5 hours.
But this laptop isn't just about power and portability. Its aluminum chassis is as durable as it is sleek, making it a robust and stylish addition to your tech arsenal.
In a world that demands speed and flexibility, the Swift Go 16 is your laptop for staying ahead of the curve.
Swift Go 16 Laptop Specs:
* CPU: Intel® Core™ i7-13700H
* RAM: 16 GB, LPDDR5
* Display: 16" WQXGA+ (3200 x 2000) 16:10 120 Hz OLED display
* Storage: 1 TB SSD
* Battery Life: 9.5 hours
* Weight: 2.29 kg
* OS: Windows 11 Home
Aspire Vero Green Laptop: sustainable tech for eco-conscious nomads
In an era where sustainability is necessary, the Aspire Vero Green Laptop stands out with its environmental commitment. Crafted from recycled plastic, this green PC is perfect for the digital nomad with a green conscience.
But being eco-friendly doesn't mean compromising on durability. The Vero's rugged cover can withstand up to 20 kg of force, its ultra-durable hinge is built to last, and it boasts a drop resistance of up to 28 cm. This laptop is tough on wear and tear but gentle on the planet, making it an ideal companion for your on-the-go lifestyle.
The VeroSense™ battery management app underlines this laptop's commitment to power efficiency. Choose from four performance modes - Performance, Balanced, Eco, and Eco+ - to optimize energy use and keep your computer running longer.
The Aspire Vero Green Laptop doesn't skimp on performance either. Powered by an Intel® Core™ i5 processor, it offers solid performance for multitasking, gaming, web browsing, and doing most tasks. The 14-inch Full HD screen, combined with Intel® Iris® Xe Graphics, provides a rich, crisp viewing experience.
With the Aspire Vero Green Laptop, embrace the digital nomad lifestyle while respecting the environment.
Aspire Vero Green Laptop Specs:
* CPU: Intel® Core™ i5-1235U
* RAM: 8 GB, LPDDR4X
* Display: 14" Full HD (1920 x 1080) 16:9
* Storage: 512 GB SSD
* Battery Life: 10 hours
* Weight: 1.5 kg
* OS: Windows 11 Home
TravelMate P6: Ultralight laptop for the business nomad
Acer's TravelMate P6 is an ultraportable laptop that combines feather-light portability with impressive performance. Weighing just 1 kg, it's a marvel of the ultraportable market that doesn't compromise on power, thanks to its 11th Gen Intel® Core™ i7 processor. This combination makes the TravelMate P6 a standout choice for the business traveler.
Designed for enterprises, the TravelMate P6 boasts robust security and management features. The Trusted Platform Module 2.0 provides secure authentication and data protection, and the vPro™ remote management technology allows for seamless control over the laptop.
Beyond its performance, the TravelMate P6 also showcases impressive durability. MIL-STD 810H4 certified, it's designed to withstand the rigors of business travel, including spills, thanks to its spill-resistant keyboard and touchpad.
The TravelMate P6 doesn't just keep up with your business travels; it powers them. With up to 20 hours of battery life and fast charge technology that gets you back to 80% in just an hour, it's designed to keep you productive on the go.
With the TravelMate P6, embrace your business travels without the burden of weight and with the assurance of performance.
TravelMate P6 Laptop Specs:
* CPU: Intel® Core™ i7-1165G7
* RAM: 16 GB, LPDDR4X
* Display: 14" Full HD (1920 x 1080) 16:9
* Storage: 512 GB SSD
* Battery Life: 20 Hours
* Weight: 1 kg
* OS: Windows 11 Pro
While buying a new computer can seem intimidating, it doesn't have to be. Acer offers a diverse range of laptops tailored to the diverse needs of digital nomads. Each laptop blends power, portability, and innovative features, ensuring you stay productive and connected, regardless of your adventure. With Acer embracing the digital nomad, life has never been easier or more exciting.
10 Best Browser Games 
The best browser games are free, compact, easy to play, and perfect for a lunch break escapade. Run them on anything from your trusty work desktop to your vintage laptop. No precious hard drive space required; you only need a reliable internet connection.
They might not boast dazzling graphics, but they're big on fun. So, if you need a quick diversion, we've lined up 10 great browser games you can play right now.
Single-Player Browser Games
Level up your gaming without hogging your hard drive with these exciting single-player browser games. You can also find a few extra solo browser options in our best Google Doodle games!
1 ) Oops! No Brakes
In Oops! No Brakes, you control a vehicle hurtling around a track with one significant twist—it has no brakes. Surrounded by dangerous water on every course, you must reach the flag at the end of each level unscathed.
The game's simple yet addictive mechanics make it easy to pick up and play. Use your mouse to steer! Collect coins and go for the fastest time you can manage! As you navigate hairpin turns, avoid deadly hazards, and dodge oncoming obstacles, you rely on your instincts and precision to stay on track.
No brakes? No problem!
2) Sunset Bike Racer
Unleash your inner daredevil with Sunset Bike Racer, the 2D motocross game that brings the thrill to your browser.
With challenging obstacle-filled courses, it's about speed, precision, and nerve. Race against the clock, pull off audacious stunts and hit the nitro for the ultimate speed boost.
Take your stunts to the next level as you leap off cliffs at full throttle. With intuitive controls and fast-paced, arcade-style gameplay, you'll aim for that sweet finish line. So, buckle up, leap off a cliff, and discover the exhilaration of Sunset Bike Racer.
Similar to Where's Wally, but with an added twist - iSpy introduces players to the diverse landscapes, cultures, and lifestyles of New Zealand.
This game isn't about high-octane action; it's a relaxing journey through meticulously designed, visually stunning illustrations. With each scene, the challenge intensifies, coaxing your observational skills to new heights. Your task? Find specific characters hidden in the intricate artwork.
With two distinct game modes to suit all levels:
* Freeplay: a laid-back experience, perfect for younger or novice players.
* Challenge Mode: its race against the clock will satisfy seasoned players.
Whether you're a fan of the point-and-click genre or appreciate beautiful artwork, iSpy is sure to captivate your attention and engage your curiosity.
4) Doom II: Hell On Earth
Experience heart-pounding FPS action in Doom II: Hell on Earth. With over two million copies sold, this iconic game pioneered multiplayer deathmatches, setting the stage for today's competitive multiplayer experiences. With its immersive graphics and gripping gameplay, Doom II has etched its name in gaming history, captivating gamers even in 2023.
You're the lone survivor in a world overrun by demonic forces, navigating intricately designed levels brimming with relentless adversaries. Your mission is clear: survive and fight back using an impressive arsenal of weapons.
Doom II is a must-play for FPS enthusiasts, providing a glimpse into the genre's evolution. Brace yourself for an unrelenting battle against the forces of darkness as you explore foreboding corridors, uncover hidden secrets, and engage in epic encounters with terrifying adversaries. Get ready for an unforgettable descent into the infernal abyss.
Prepare for a thrilling 2D adventure as you descend into the treacherous world of Spelunky. This indie sensation, developed by Derek Yu, fuses platforming and roguelike elements to craft an unpredictable gaming experience.
As an intrepid adventurer known as the spelunker, you delve into dangerous caves teeming with deadly traps, menacing foes, and shimmering treasure. You'll have to employ your wits and an arsenal of tools, including ropes, bombs, and an unyielding whip, to navigate the caves.
Spelunky's distinct appeal lies in its procedurally generated levels that ensure no two journeys are alike. Each venture into the abyss unveils new challenges and hidden secrets.
However, tread cautiously: Spelunky's unforgiving difficulty means every misstep step could be your last, as death is permanent. A single misstep can send you hurtling back to the beginning.
With its charming pixel art aesthetics, a lively soundtrack, and addictive gameplay, Spelunky promises a thrilling expedition into the unknown.
Multiplayer Browser Games
Jump into these fun and addictive games to play online with others.
Slither.io is your classic Snake game on steroids. It takes you into a colossal multiplayer arena where survival is the name of the game. As a snake, gobble up glowing orbs to grow bigger and outmaneuver your rivals in a strategic race for survival. However, the stakes are high; a single head-on collision with another snake results in a spectacular explosion of orbs and the end of your game.
Simplicity is at the heart of Slither.io, but don't let that fool you. Strategy is paramount: you must outmaneuver opponents, steer clear of collisions, and strive for dominance. Yet, a word of caution: the compelling gameplay of Slither.io can effortlessly turn a five-minute break into an hour-long gaming adventure. Can you become the longest snake?
Imagine the tactical sophistication of Counter-Strike meshed with the charming blocky aesthetics of Minecraft, and you get Krunker - a thrilling browser-based FPS with a wide range of game modes, including:
* Free for All (FFA)
* Team Deathmatch (TDM)
* Capture The Flag (CTF)
* Domination (DOM)
Krunker equips players with an arsenal of weapons, fostering diverse combat strategies. Its accessible browser interface and seamless controls make for exhilarating close-quartered combats or long-range sniping engagements.
The game’s appeal lies in its addictive simplicity, frequent updates, expanding roster of maps, and evolving game modes. You can play it in the browser without registering or logging in.
With over 500 servers worldwide and the option to host private lobbies, Krunker caters to a global player base. Dive into the riveting world of Krunker, where pixelated graphics meet high-octane FPS action.
3) Classic Games
You can't beat the classics when it comes to browser games. The allure lies in their simplicity and timeless appeal. From Tetris to Solitaire, these evergreen games are quick to play and great for killing time.
Still as captivating as ever, Tetris is the tile-matching game that has enthralled the world for decades. With its addictive, quick-paced puzzle gameplay, Tetris has a proven record of captivating millions, evidenced by its 100 million smartphone downloads by 2010.
Tetris offers the perfect blend of strategy and quick thinking. As you maneuver falling tetrominoes to create solid lines, you'll challenge your problem-solving skills and engage in a thrilling race against time.
But Tetris is more than just a game—it's also a stress reliever. According to a study in the journal Emotion, Tetris can relieve stress and troubling thoughts by providing a form of distraction.
Experience the nostalgia of one of the most beloved card games with Microsoft Solitaire. First unveiled by Microsoft in 1990 to familiarize users with mouse controls, Solitaire has since become a staple on PCs worldwide.
With its simple gameplay and strategy-rich format, Solitaire is the perfect game to unwind, irrespective of your gaming experience. As National Solitaire Day on May 22 draws near, there's no better time to reacquaint yourself with this classic.
Immerse yourself in 1980s nostalgia with Pac-Man, the game that revolutionized the gaming world.
Guide the cheerful yellow circle, Pac-Man, through a maze, chomping on pellets while evading the relentless pursuit of four colorful ghosts—Blinky, Pinky, Inky, and Clyde. Power pellets let you flip the script, giving Pac-Man temporary invincibility to chase down the ghosts.
Pac-Man transcends the realm of gaming; it's a cultural landmark that has left an indelible mark on popular culture, inspiring merchandise, film and TV references, and countless game adaptations.
With simple controls and timeless appeal, Pac-Man welcomes players of all ages and skill levels. Experience the magic of Pac-Man in your browser with the online version, preserving the charm and excitement of this enduring classic.
Level up your gaming from the comfort of your browser
Whether you want a quick distraction or a more in-depth gaming experience, a browser game exists for you. Be it single-player puzzles or adrenaline-pumping multiplayer battles, these games offer a wealth of entertainment at your fingertips.
Add any of these ten browser games to your 2023 hit list to escape reality. Why wait? Let your browser become the gateway to new worlds! Jump into these virtual realms and redefine your gaming experience—no downloads, installations, or instant fun.
That said, as I said earlier, you probably need to uninstall it first before installing the new one.
your problem is Nvidia latest drivers, 417.22 is bugged . Install these over the ones you have and you should be back to business. Uninstall not needed just install over the top it will uninstall automatically.
Hey brother sorry for the late response, holidays are always hectic for me.
Thanks for all your support! It means a lot. 😁
The temps indicated in my review are utilizing Windows 1709 (stock OS) with only XTU undervolt applied. With the latest Windows updates (1803/1809) my temps went up to 80 C quite easily and I would go back to 1709 but I stay on the latest to help others who update regularly.
With Throttlestop though even on the latest Windows my temps remain relatively cool (In the 70's).
The uploaded file you found is probably the one I uploaded to my Facebook group to help those who aren't comfortable setting up TS themselves. I really should add it to the description of the video lol.
I will absolutely make a 1070 undervolt video. 👍
It's a user error as the hardware is plenty powerful to run my 250 GB fully decked out & modded Skyrim at 60 FPS no problems lol.
If your playing on battery check Geforce Experience and disable battery optimization and also disable Whisper mode as both features cap FPS.
Read my review (main post of this thread) in the "Bugs" section I describe how to fix the memory leak issue with Predator Sense
I realized that HWmonitor recently showed that my CPU's max temperature was at 79 degrees even with your trottlestop profile. I switched on HWInfo and let predator sense run while playing rainbow siege and noticed that the temperatures had been running on average of about 70 degrees, BUT i noticed in the temperature graphs that the CPU tends to spike up in temperature to the high 70+ degrees from 67 degrees for 1 second. I have circled the spikes in the print screen below. Also, HWINFO shows that my CPU temp on average was just 60+ degrees.https://www.killernetworking.com/killersupport/driver-downloads/kb#faq_105
Just a last few questions,
1. did your CPU spiked in temperature (about 8 to 10 degrees spike) for just 1 second at times like mine?
2. are these spikes normal and should be ignored as they won't cause any long term damage to my CPU (meaning that I should just look at the average temperatures instead?)
3. Are these considered as abnormal and should be corrected through repasting the CPU?
Also, I realized that the temperatures reported by predator sense and HWINFO/HWmonitor are different... not sure which temperature graph I should base my findings on too. So sorry for all these questions on temperatures man. Just want to clear these questions that I have on CPU temperatures once and for all! Really appreciate your time in answering all my past questions!
1. Yes mine spikes as well. Most laptops do.
The reason is the thermal sensors partially detect temps and partially detect voltage which attributes to the random "spikes".
I get "spikes" from 30 C to 70 C then back to 30 C in a second as well... this isnt physically possible with any cooling system to fluctuate this way and is from the partial monitoring of the sensor.
2. Yes average temps are best for monitoring and temps below 80 C for a system running graphics as high as they are at 144hz with G Sync is actually pretty darn good for a laptop to pull off without throttling. I would only concern yourself with temps if they reach into the 90's.
3. Your temps are fine bro, just get on with wrecking noobs already! Lol
Don't give into the hype spreading around about getting temps ridiculously low, theres no point and if you notice your fans sit around 2-3k rpm even at 70-75 C which is super quiet and isn't even their full potential.
I would give propriety for monitoring to Predator Sense since it is the OEM software that initiates before other programs do. It could just be the refresh interval is set different between the two programs giving the illusion that one is reading differently than the other.
I use just Pred Sense with no issues.
I'm OCD so it bothers me XD
I dont use the whisper mode just the optimize feature and I hardly surpass 75 C on any game even BO4.
Was just concerned because the HWmonitor and throttlestop kept showing max temps of 80+ degrees, while the average was usually hovering about 70+degrees.
Thank you all for shading light on my concerns regarding CPU temperature! Have been too OCD on this temperature thing... haha time to focus on fragging!